Conservatives, Liberals and Populists

To an Englishwoman of my generation and background, the use of ‘conservative’ or ‘liberal’ as a term of abuse or condemnation is incomprehensible. They are descriptive terms only, and although one may sympathize with one or the other according to context, the idea of their representing an individual’s moral standing is questionable. As far as I can see, there is probably more sin in spewing contempt and hatred over someone who holds different opinions from oneself than there is in holding those opinions. I say ‘probably’ because, of course, the argument must be nuanced.

To give an example to make that last point clearer. If someone argues that women have a right to abortion, I part company with them because I do not believe we have the right to destroy life in the womb. I believe it is wrong, very wrong, and during the years when I was active in the Life movement, I did what I could not only to provide practical alternatives but also to try to help others see why abortion is wrong. What I did not do was hurl anger and abuse at those who argued for abortion, still less did I talk about women who had abortions in terms of  wickedness and sin. In other words, I made a pragmatic judgement — abortion is wrong and to be condemned — but did not equate that with a moral judgement of the person  — you are to be condemned because you support abortion.

So, on the question of abortion, I am to be labelled a conservative; on other matters, such as  the desirability of some form of state-sponsored  healthcare and social welfare, I daresay I am to be labelled a liberal. In different degrees, and with different mixes, that is true of most people. We hold a wide range of opinions, some of which may appear to others inconsistent but which to us make sense and are part of our outlook on life. A problem comes when this cheerful mix is overlaid with dark notions of populism and democracy run riot, and it becomes neither acceptable nor even possible to hold opinions different from the mainstream. That is the point at which genuine freedom is lost; but before then it dies a thousand deaths as it becomes more and more circumscribed by those who argue loudly for the current fashionable orthodoxy. To take one example, it seems to be slightly easier in the U.K. to wear a hijab in the workplace than it is a cross, yet both are, for their wearers, a sign of their religious adherence. We can see an erosion of freedom in the name of, well, what exactly? A vague, well-meaning attempt to secularise the workplace has become something quite different, a form of petty discrimination.

A couple of BBC Newsnight presentations on Plato’s Republic as an explanation of the rise of Donald Trump as President of the U.S.A. have been going the rounds and provoked some interesting reactions (you can see the second here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cnzo9qXLFUo). Their reading of the text is selective, but to anyone familar with it, the trajectory traced is perfectly legitimate. There is an inherent tendency in democracy to become more and more liberal and for freedoms to multiply, so that, in the end, we all do as we please and all differences or inequalities are done away with. However, as that does not lead to happiness, we look for a saviour, drawn from the elite but who makes great play of being hostile to it and in favour of ‘the little man’, who solves our problems for us by gradually taking away the very freedoms that led us to desire a saviour in the first place. This is populism in action: the kidnapping of democracy by democratic means. As an explanation of the rise of tyranny, it is seductive; and to anyone who has read the nightmare vision of society in Plato’s mature work, The Laws, the vision of The Republic is, at least in its earlier account of democracy, infinitely preferable. But it makes several assumptions many of us would question. For example, self-interest isn’t the only value we admit. Pace Mr Trump, most of us see ourselves as part of a bigger world than that defined by the nation state. We have global responsibilities, whether we like it or not, although we may disagree on what those responsibilities are.

Where does all this leave the Christian when confronted with the moral and political upheavals of our time? I am not sure. What I do think is clear is that the need to live with integrity was never plainer or more important. Just as I don’t think we should join in the abuse-hurling that has begun to characterise every level of political debate, so I don’t think we should opt out of all the difficulties that living in a democratic society implies. We have a duty to engage, but how we do so is as important as that we do so. Today’s gospel, Mark 3.22-30, has much to say on the destructiveness of division and blaspheming against the Holy Spirit. It makes uncomfortable reading. I am reminded that tomorrow we celebrate the feast of St Francis de Sales, bishop of Geneva at a critical time, of whom one of the Calvinists against whom he argued said that, if ever they were to honour a saint, it would be he. He is the patron saint of writers and debaters. We are all now writers and debaters on blogs and Social Media. Prehaps if we spent less time shouting at one another and more time, like St Francis de Sales, thinking and praying, we might see more clearly what we have to do. In the end, labels are a minor matter; it is what we are that counts.

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7 thoughts on “Conservatives, Liberals and Populists”

  1. And how we treat other people. Love thy neighbour as thyself. Peace and love are real and the most important of personal attributes.

  2. I suspect that labeling people for their views is a simple way of saying that they’re wrong and should be banned from thinking, and certainly not be given any position of influence.

    I think that the word ‘radical’ is also misused to describe those whose views don’t coincide with our own world view. So labels damage a cause, whether or not it’s good or bad (which is off course, a subjective view anyway).

    I have learned in my dotage, that I certainly don’t have all the answers and need to debate and learn from others. In a recent Pilgrim Course on the Beatitudes in our Parish, I was privileged to share my own views, formed from my Catholic Upbringing, which now are framed within the Anglican Context. And I was surprised to find that some of those who came, shared them, and we all had concerns about the ethics of many things, among them abortion.

    The thing that I found when leading some of the sessions was that listening carefully to people was as important, giving them time to work through the particular topic themselves and articulate how their views had been shaped by their own particular experience of live and faith in their individual context – mutually we looked to Christ’s teaching for our example – and it was encouraging that we felt as a group, that while we differed on some issues, we respected the integrity of each other.

    What that would mean for the world if we were able to debate in this way, in a secure, safe space, and to speak with integrity and love about our thoughts, feelings and beliefs, and blessed by the Grace of Jesus Christ as we do so. It would be a more meaningful place, and perhaps, that longed for unity of purpose would produce unity of people and purpose in the service of God, of each other and his wonderful creation.

  3. I may sound naive by admitting to this, but I managed to reach my A level studies before I really became aware that political views were categorised as left or right, liberal or conservative. I remember being told, in a class, that newspapers usually presented political views on one side of the fence or the other and I found that so strange. (We didn’t read newspapers much when I was growing up – I got all my news from the radio)

    The reason I found it strange was that it seemed to me that by making left or right a major part of somebody’s identity that person was more likely to start adjusting their opinions in order to fit into their chosen category rather than having all different kinds of opinions on different issues. If conservative is a naughty word to you, then of course you will start to feel badly towards both those who identify as conservative and any of the opinions that fall under that label. And the same will happen if liberal is seen as the worst thing somebody can be.

    I think it makes a complex world easy and a bit more comfortable if you simply go along with whatever your ‘group’ thinks on every issue – you’ll find yourself constantly being backed up by that group, and feel proud of your views on every topic. We would live so much better, though, if we all felt able to go with our conscience on matters rather than our label. And we would have no choice but to learn to live with people who don’t think exactly like us.

  4. Thank you for your comments, which I have read with interest.
    Whatever ones opinion about abortion it would be a scandal to advocate it as a means of birth/population control. It would deeply offensive to anyone of faith.
    Legislation allowing abortion was originally intended as
    a mercy not a right, although there was some concern at the time that such legislation would be deliberately misused. It brutalises women, more especially young women who have enough emotional pressures on them already.

    • I remember the debate that surrounded the passage of the 1967 Abortion Act. I was uneasy then that the desire to end the evil of back street abortions would lead to the situation we have now.

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